Publications by Type

Disclaimer: Articles may be downloaded for personal or academic use only.

Peer-reviewed articles

Wilson-Genderson, M., Heid, A. R., Pruchno, R., & Sands, L. P. (2017). Onset of Multiple Chronic Conditions and Depressive Symptoms: A Life Events Perspective.Innovation in Aging, 1(2),

Wilson-Genderson, M., Pruchno, R., & Heid, A. R. (2017). Modeling Successful Aging Over Time in the Context of a Disaster. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 72(2), 328-339. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbw127.

Heid, A. R., Schug, S., Cartwright, F. P., & Pruchno, R. (2017). Challenges Faced and Support Received: Older Adults’ Perceptions of Hurricane Sandy. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 11(1), 39-47. doi:10.1017/dmp.2016.133.

Pruchno, R., Heid, A. R., & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2016). The Great Recession, Life Events, and Mental Health of Older Adults. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 84(3), 294-312. doi:10.1177/0091415016671722

Cromley, E.K., Wilson-Genderson, M., Heid, A.R., & Pruchno, R.A. (2016). Spatial associations of multiple chronic conditions among older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology. Published online October 2, 2016 doi: 10.1177/0733464816672044

Heid, A.R., Pruchno, R., & Cartwright, F.P. (2016). Exposure to Hurricane Sandy, neighborhood collective efficacy, and post-traumatic stress symptoms in older adults. Aging & Mental Health. Published online February 25, 2016 doi: 10.1080/13607863.2016.1154016

Christman, Z., Pruchno, R., Cromley, E., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Mir, I. (2016). A spatial analysis of body mass index and neighborhood factors in community-dwelling older men and women. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 83(1), 3-25.

Pruchno, R.A., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Heid, A.R. (2016). Multiple chronic condition combinations and depression in community-dwelling older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 71(7), 910-915.

Wilson-Genderson, M. & Pruchno, R. (2015). Functional limitations and gender differences: Neighborhood effects. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 81(1-2), 83-100.

Pruchno, R., Heid, A.R., & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2015). Resilience and successful aging: Aligning complementary constructs using a life course approach. Psychological Inquiry, 26(2), 200-207.

Cromley, E.K., Wilson-Genderson, M., Christman, Z., & Pruchno, R.A. (2015). Colocation of older adults with successful aging based on objective and subjective measures. Applied Geography, 56, 13-20.

Pruchno, R.A. & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2015). A Longitudinal examination of the effects of early influences and midlife characteristics on successful aging. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 70(6), 850-859.

Pruchno, R., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Gupta, A.K. (2014). Neighborhood food environment and obesity in community-dwelling older adults: Individual and Neighborhood effects. American Journal of Public Health, 104(5), 924-929.

Wilson-Genderson, M. & Pruchno, R. (2013). Effects of neighborhood violence and perceptions of neighborhood safety on depressive symptoms of older adults. Social Science & Medicine, 85, 43-49.

Pruchno, R. & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2012). Adherence to clusters of health behaviors and successful aging. Journal of Aging and Health, 24(8), 1279-1297.

Cromley, E.K., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Pruchno, R.A. (2012). Neighborhood characteristics and depressive symptoms of older people: Local spatial analyses. Social Science & Medicine, 75(12), 2307-2316.

Pruchno, R., Hahn, S., & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2012). Cigarette smokers, never-smokers, and transitions: Implications for successful aging. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 74(3), 193-209.

Pruchno, R.A., Wilson-Genderson, M. & Cartwright, F.P. (2012). The texture of neighborhoods and disability among older adults. The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67B(1), 89-98.

Gordon, J.R., Pruchno, R.A., Wilson-Genderson, M., Murphy, W.M., & Rose, M. (2011). Balancing caregiving and work: Role conflict and role strain dynamics. Journal of Family Issues, 33(5), 662-689.

Pruchno, R.A. Wilson-Genderson, M. & Cartwright, F. (2010). A two-factor model of successful aging. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 65B(6), 671-679.

Pruchno, R.A., Wilson-Genderson, M., Rose, M., &Cartwright, F. (2010). Successful aging: Early influences and contemporary characteristics. The Gerontologist, 50(6), 821-833.

Wilson-Genderson, M., Pruchno, R.A., & Cartwright, F.P. (2009). Effects of caregiver burden and satisfaction on affect of older end-stage renal disease patients and their spouses. Psychology & Aging, 24(4), 955-967.

Pruchno, R.A., Cartwright, F.P., & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2009). Effects of marital closeness on the transition from caregiving to widowhood. Aging & Mental Health, 13(6), 808-817.

Ferri, C.V. & Pruchno, R.A. (2009). Quality of life in end-stage renal disease patient: Differences in patient and spouse perceptions. Aging & Mental Health, 13(9), 706-709.

Ferri, C.V., Gottesman, I., & Pruchno, R.A. (2009).  Successful aging: Definitions and subjective assessment according to older adults. Clinical Gerontologist, 32(4), 379-388.

Pruchno, R., Cartwright, F.P., & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2009). The effects of race on patient preferences and spouse substituted judgments. Aging & Human Development, 69(1), 31-54.

Pruchno, R., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Cartwright, F.P. (2009). Depressive symptoms and marital satisfaction in the context of chronic disease: A longitudinal dyadic analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, 23(4), 573-584.

Pruchno, R., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Cartwright, F. (2009). Self-rated health and depressive symptoms in patients with end-stage renal disease and their spouses: A longitudinal dyadic analysis of late-life marriages. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 64B(2), 212-22.

Pruchno, R.A., Brill, J.E., Shands, Y., Gordon, J.R., Wilson Genderson, M., Rose, M., & Cartwright, F. (2008). Convenience samples and caregiving research: How generalizable are the findings? The Gerontologist, 48(6), 820-827.

Pruchno, R.A., Rovine, M.J., Cartwright, F., & Wilson-Genderson, M. (2008). Stability and change in patient preferences and spouse substituted judgments regarding dialysis continuation. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 63B(2), S81-S91.

Frye, B., Scheinthal, S., Kemarskaya, T., & Pruchno, R. (2007). Tai chi and low impact exercise effects on the physical functioning and psychological well-being of older people. Journal of Applied Gerontolgy, 26(5), 433-453.

Lemay, E.P., Pruchno, R.A., & Feild, M.L. (2006). Accuracy and bias in perceptions of spouses’ life-sustaining medical treatment preferences. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36(10), 2337-2361.

Feild, M.L., Pruchno, R.A., Bewley, J., Lemay, E.P., & Levinsky, N.G. (2006). Using probability vs. non-probability sampling to identify hard-to-access participants for health-related research: Costs and contrasts. Journal of Aging & Health, 18(4), 565-583.

Pruchno, R.A., Lemay, E.P., Feild, M.L., & Levinsky, N.G. (2006). Predictors of patient treatment preferences and spouse substituted judgments: The case of dialysis continuation. Medical Decision Making, 26(2), 112-121.

Pruchno, R.A., Lemay, E.P., Feild, M.L., & Levinsky, N.G. (2005). Spouse as health care proxy for dialysis patients: Whose preferences matter? The Gerontologist, 45(6), 812-819.

Pruchno, R.A. & Meeks, S. (2004). Health-related stress, affect, and depressive symptoms experienced by caregiving mothers of adults with a developmental disability. Psychology and Aging, 19(3), 394-401.

Pruchno, R.A. & McMullen, W.F. (2004). Patterns of service utilization by adults with a developmental disability: Type of service makes a difference. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 109(5), 362-378.

Pruchno, R.A. (2003). Enmeshed lives: Adult children with developmental disabilities and their aging mothers. Psychology and Aging, 18(4), 851-857.

Pruchno, R.A. & McKenney, D. (2002). Psychological well-being of black and white grandmothers raising grandchildren: Examination of a two-factor model. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 57(5), P444-452.

Pruchno, R.A. & Rose, M.S. (2002). Time use by frail older people in different care settings. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 21(1), 5-23.

Miltiades, H.B. & Pruchno, R. (2002). The effect of religious coping on caregiving appraisals of mothers of adults with developmental disabilities. The Gerontologist, 42(1), 82-91.

Miltiades, H.B. & Pruchno, R. (2001). Mothers of adults with developmental disability: Change over time. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 106(6), 548-561.

Pruchno, R.A. & McKenney, D. (2000). Living with grandchildren: The effects of custodial and co-resident households on the mental health of grandmothers. Journal of Mental Health and Aging, 6, 269-290.

Pruchno, R.A. & Rose, M. S. (2000). The effect of long-term care environments on health outcomes. The Gerontologist, 40(4), 422-428.

Pruchno, R. & Hayden, J.M. (2000). Interview modality: Effects on costs and data quality in a sample of older women. Journal of Aging and Health, 12(1), 3-24.

Pruchno, R., Litchfield, L., & Fried, M. (2000). Measuring the Impact of Workplace Flexibility, Boston College Center for Work and Family.

Pruchno, R. & Patrick, J.H. (1999). Mothers and fathers of adults with chronic disabilities: Caregiving appraisals and well-being. Research on Aging, 21(5), 682-713.

Pruchno, R. (1999). Raising grandchildren: The experiences of black and white grandmothers. The Gerontologist, 39(2), 209-221.

Rose, M.S. & Pruchno, R.A. (1999). Behavior sequences of long-term care residents and their social partners. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 54(2), S75-S83.

Peters-Davis, N., Moss, M.S., & Pruchno, R.A. (1999). Children-in-law in caregiving families. The Gerontologist, 39(1), 66-75.

Pruchno, R.A. & Patrick, J.H. (1999). Effects of formal and familial residential plans for adults with mental retardation on their aging mothers. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 104, 38-52.

Pruchno, R.A., Patrick, J.H., & Rose, M.S. (1998). Recruiting research participants: A comparison of the costs and effectiveness of five recruitment strategies. The Gerontologist, 38(3), 295-302.

Pruchno, R.A., Patrick, J.H., & Burant, C.J. (1997). African American and white mothers of adults with chronic disabilities: Caregiving burden and satisfaction. Family Relations, 46(4), 335-346.

Pruchno, R.A., Burant, C.J., & Peters, N.D. (1997). Typologies of caregiving families: Family congruence and individual well-being. The Gerontologist, 37(2), 157-167.

Pruchno, R.A., Burant, C.J., & Peters, N.D. (1997). Coping strategies of people living in multigenerational households: Effects on well-being. Psychology and Aging, 12(1), 115-124.

Pruchno, R.A., Burant, C.J., & Peters, N.D. (1997). Understanding the well-being of care receivers. The Gerontologist, 37(1), 102-109.

Patrick, J. H. & Pruchno, R.A. (1996). Mothers' perceptions of service use and unmet service needs for their adult offspring with chronic mental illness. Psychiatric Annals, 26 (12), 757-765.

Pruchno, R.A. & Johnson, K.W. (1996) Research on grandparenting: Review of current studies and future needs. Generations, 20(1), 65-70.

Pruchno, R.A., Patrick, J. H., & Burant, C.J. (1996). Mental health of aging women with children who are chronically disabled: Examination of a two-factor model. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 51(6), S284-S296.

Pruchno, R.A., Patrick, J. H., & Burant, C.J. (1996). Aging women and their children with chronic disabilities: Perceptions of sibling involvement and effects on well-being. Family Relations, 45(3), 318-326.

Pruchno, R.A. (1995). Review: Long term care, an annotated bibliography. T.H. Koff & K.M. Bursac (Eds.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Contemporary Gerontology, 2(3), 107.

Pruchno, R.A., Smyer, M.A., Rose, M.S., Hartman-Stein, P.E., & Henderson-Laribee, D.L. (1995). Competence of long-term care residents to participate in decisions about their medical care: A brief, objective assessment. The Gerontologist, 35(5), 622-629.

Pruchno, R.A., Peters, N.D., & Burant, C.J. (1995). Mental health of co-resident family caregivers: Examination of a two factor model. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 50(5), P247-P256.

Pruchno, R.A., Moss, M.S., Burant, C.J. & Schinfeld, S. (1995). Death of an institutionalized parent: Predictors of bereavement. Omega, 31(2), 99-119.

Pruchno, R.A., Peters, N.D., Kleban, M.H., & Burant, C.J. (1994). Attachment among adult children and their institutionalized parents. Journals of Gerontology, 49(5), S209-S218.

Pruchno, R.A., Burant, C.J., & Peters, N.D. (1994). Family mental health: Marital and parent-child consensus as predictors. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56(3), 747-758.

Dempsey, N.P. & Pruchno, R.A. (1993). The family's role in the nursing home: Predictors of technical and non-technical assistance. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 21(1-2), 127-146.

Pruchno, R.A., Dempsey, N.P., Carder, P. & Koropeckyj-Cox, T. (1993). Multigenerational households of caregiving families: Negotiating shared space. Environment and Behavior, 25(3), 349-366.

Pruchno, R.A. & Kleban, M.H. (1993). Caring for an institutionalized parent: The role of coping strategies. Psychology and Aging, 8(1), 18-25.

Pruchno, R.A. (1991). Family caregiving: Personal and social costs. Experimental Aging Research, 17(2), 89-90.

Pruchno, R.A., Michaels, E., & Potashnik, S.L. (1990). Predictors of institutionalization among Alzheimer disease victims with caregiving spouses. Journals of Gerontology, 45(6), S259-S266.

Pruchno, R.A., Kleban, M.H., Michaels, E., & Dempsey, N. (1990). Mental and physical health of caregiving spouses: Development of a causal model. Journals of Gerontology, 45(5), 192-199.

Pruchno, R.A. (1990). The effects of help patterns on mental health of spouse caregivers. Research on Aging, 12(1), 57-71.

Brody, E.M., Dempsey, N., & Pruchno, R.A. (1990). Mental health of sons and daughters of the institutionalized aged. The Gerontologist, 30(2), 212-219.

Pruchno, R.A. & Resch, N.L. (1989). Mental health of caregiving spouses: Coping as mediator, moderator, or main effect? Psychology and Aging, 4(4), 454-463.

Pruchno, R.A. & Resch, N.L. (1989). The context of change: Disorientation following intrainstitutional relocation. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 8, 465-480.

Pruchno, R.A. & Potashnik, S.L. (1989). Caregiving spouses: Physical and mental health in perspective. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 37(8), 697-705.

Pruchno, R.A. & Resch, N.L. (1989). Aberrant behaviors and Alzheimer's disease: Mental health effect on spouse caregivers. Journals of Gerontology, 44(5), S177-S182.

Pruchno, R.A. & Resch, N.L. (1989). Husbands and wives as caregivers: Antecedents of depression and burden. The Gerontologist, 29(2), 159-165.

Pruchno, R.A., Kleban, M.H., & Resch, N. (1988). Psychometric assessment of the multidimensional observation Scale for elderly subjects (MOSES). Journals of Gerontology, 43 (6), 164-169.

Pruchno, R.A. & Resch, N.L. (1988). Intrainstitutional relocation: Mortality effects. The Gerontologist, 28(3), 311-317.

Nesselroade, J.R., Pruchno, R.A., & Jacobs, A. (1986). Reliability vs. stability in the measurement of psychological states: An illustration with anxiety measures. Psychologische Beitrage, 28(1-2), 255-264.
Pruchno, R.A. & Smyer, M.A. (1985). Therapeutic interventions with adult caregivers. Proceedings from the conference The future of natural caregiving networks in later life: Policy, planning, research, and intervention. Buffalo, NY: University of Buffalo.

Pruchno, R.A., Blow, F., & Smyer, M.A. (1984). Life events and interdependent lives: Implications for research and intervention. Human Development, 27(1), 3l-4l.

Smyer, M.A. & Pruchno, R.A. (1984). Service use and mental impairment among the elderly: Arguments for prevention. Professional Psychology-Research and Practice, 15(4), 528-537.

Pruchno, R.A. & Smyer, M.A. (1983). Mental health problems and aging: A short quiz. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 17(2), 123-140.

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Books, Book Chapters, & Book Reviews

Pruchno, R. (2016). Crossing lines and asking questions at the end of life [Review of the books Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End and Ordinary Medicine: Extraordinary Treatments, Longer Lives, and Where to Draw the Line]. The Gerontologist. Published online March 1, 2016 doi: 10.1093/geront/gnw040

Pruchno, R.A., & Gitlin, L.N. (2012). Family caregiving in later life: Shifting paradigms. In: R. Blieszner & V.H. Bedford. Handbook on Families and Aging. 515-541. 2nd ed. New York: ABC-CLIO.

Pruchno, R.A., & Smyer, M.A. (Eds.) (2007).  Challenges of an aging society:  Ethical dilemmas, political issues. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

Pruchno, R.A., & McKenney, D. (2005).  Grandmothers raising grandchildren:  The effects of work disruptions on current work hours and income.  In B. Hayslip Jr., & J. H. Patrick (Eds.).  Custodial grandparenting:  Individual, cultural, and ethnic diversity.  Springer Publishing Co., NY, NY.

Pruchno, R.A. & Rosenbaum, J. (2003). Social relationships in adulthood and old age. In Handbook of Psychology, Vol. 6. R.M. Lerner, M.A. Easterbrooks, & J. Mistry (Eds.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 487-509.

Pruchno, R.A., Peters, N.D., & Burant, C.J. (1996). Child life events, parent-child disagreements, and parent well-being: Model development and testing. C.D. Ryff & M.M. Seltzer (Eds.). The Parental Experience in Midlife. 561-606. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago.

Pruchno, R.A. (1995). Chapter 8: The role of the family in clinical geropsychology. B.G. Knight, L. Teri, P. Wohlford, & J. Santos (Eds.). Mental Health Services for Older Adults: Implications for training and practice in geropsychology. 85-92. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Pruchno, R.A. (1995). Review: Long term care, an annotated bibliography. T.H. Koff & K.M. Bursac (Eds.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Contemporary Gerontology, 2(3), 107.

Pruchno, R.A. (1995). The role of the family in clinical geropsychology. In B.G. Knight, L. Teri, P. Wohlford, & J. Santos (Eds.) . Mental health services for older adults: Implications for training and practice in geropsychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Pruchno, R.A. (1994). Studying caregiving families: Theoretical and methodological challenges. In: Light, E., Niederehe, G. & Lebowitz, B.D. (Eds.). Stress effects on family caregivers of Alzheimer's patients: Research and interventions. New York, NY: Springer.

Pruchno, R.A. (1989). Alzheimer's disease and families: Methodological advances. In E. Light and B. Lebowitz (Eds.).  Alzheimer's Disease Treatment and Family Stress: Directions for Research, NIMH Government Printing Office.

Pruchno, R.A., Boswell, P.C., Wolff, D.S., & Faletti, M.V. (1983).  A community mental health program: Evaluating outcomes. In M.A. Smyer & M. Gatz (Eds.), Mental health and aging: Programs and evaluations. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

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Editorials & Op-Ed pieces

Pruchno, R. (2016). Veterans Aging. The Gerontologist, 56(1), 1-4.

Pruchno, R., Bowers, B.J., Castle, N.G., Gonyea, J.G., Kivnick, H., Meeks, S., & Williamson, J.B. (2015). Is gerontology in crisis? The Gerontologist, 55(6), 893.

O’Neill,G.O. & Pruchno, R. (2015). Toward the 2015 White House Conference on Aging: Creating an aging policy vision for the decade ahead. The Gerontologist, 55(2), 179-182.

Pruchno, R. (2015, January 17). Punishing people for mental illness is a return to the Dark Ages. The Denver Post,

Pruchno, R. (2014, December 19). Why must society accept untreated mental illness? Hartford Courant,

Pruchno, R. (2014, November 29). Sandy Hook shooting report didn't address issue of untreated mental illness: Opinion. Star-Ledger, 2014/11/sandy_hook_shooting_report_didnt_address_issue_of_untreated_mental_illness_opinion.html

Pruchno, R. (2014, August 17). When my mom committed suicide. Chicago Tribune,

Pruchno, R. (2014, August 8). Societal shrapnel, the mentally ill, could be better served. Philadelphia Inquirer, shrapnel__the_mentally_ill__could_be_better_served.html

Pruchno, R. (2014, July 6). People with mental illness need a Stonewall Inn. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,

Pruchno, R. (2014, July 6). Be not afraid to ask for help. Philadelphia Inquirer,

Pruchno, R., Bowers, B., Kivnick, H., Schoenberg, N., Van Haitsma, K., Whittington, F.J., & Williamson, J.B. (2014). Editorial: Science or Fishing? The Gerontologist, 54(2), 145-146.

Pruchno, R. (2013, April 11). Mental Illness Laws Block Parents. USA Today,

Pruchno, R. (2013). Remembering Our Roots: A recipe for the future. The Gerontologist, 54(1), 1-4.

Scheidt, R.J., Bosch, J.V., Kivnick, H.Q., & Pruchno, R. (2012). Launching “On film and digital media.” The Gerontologist, 52(4), 439-440.

Pruchno, R. (2012). Not your mother's old age: Baby Boomers at age 65. The Gerontologist, 52(2), 149-152.

Whittington, F.J. & Pruchno, R.A. (2011). Reviewing our book reviews: Fifty years and counting. The Gerontologist, 51(5), 581-582.

McCutcheon, M. & Pruchno, R.A. (2011). Introducing the International spotlight. The Gerontologist, 51(4), 423-424.

Schoenberg, N.E., Miller, E.A., & Pruchno, R.A. (2011). The qualitative portfolio at The Gerontologist: Strong and getting stronger. The Gerontologist, 51(3), 281-284.

Kivnick, H.Q. & Pruchno, R.A. (2011). Bridges and boundaries: Humanities and arts enhance gerontology. The Gerontologist, 51(2):142-144.

Pruchno, R.A. (2011). Editorial. The Gerontologist, 51(1), 1-2.

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Updated November 20, 2017


© 2014-2016 Rachel A. Pruchno